Large-scale educational studies in Singapore schools
Dr Imelda Santos CALEON and Dr Melvin CHAN, from the Office of Education Research (OER) at National Institute of Education (NIE) shared their experience on large-scale educational studies in Singapore schools and present their research to ALSET members.
# 1: “Implementing Large-scale Longitudinal Studies in Singapore Schools: Lessons Learned and Practical Challenges”
By Dr. Melvin Chan, Centre for Research in Pedagogy and Practice, National Institute of Education, Singapore
Abstract: In this talk, the presenter will share two large-scale longitudinal studies conducted at the Centre of Research in Pedagogy and Practice, National Institute of Education. The first study (2005-2008) involved multiple cohorts of Primary, Secondary and Post-secondary students who were followed for 3-4 years. Employing a four-part survey design, this study (titled “Life Pathways”) investigated students’ socio-cognitive development with respect to their academic and non-academic competencies, subjective well-being, identity and life projects, and citizenship. The second study (titled “Teaching and learning in Singapore classrooms”) is ongoing and involved Secondary 1 students (aged 13 years) who were followed across two time periods (2016 and 2018). The objective of the second study is to investigate influential multilevel factors – residing within the school (i.e., quality of instruction, classroom climate and composition) and the individual (e.g., SES, individual characteristics) – in predicting a broad range of student outcomes. The focus of the talk will revolve around conceptual and methodological design of these studies, challenges and learning points for future research, and less on the research findings.
Dr. Melvin Chan is a Research Scientist at the Centre for Research in Pedagogy and Practice, National Institute of Education, Singapore. He currently serves as Assistant Dean at the Office of Education Research where he oversees matters pertaining to Knowledge Management. He also served as Managing Editor (2015-2019) for the Asia Pacific Journal of Education. He has led a number of large-scale quantitative projects that investigated the effects of teaching and learning on schooling success in Singapore. He has taught courses in introductory research and statistical methods, latent variable modeling. His research interests include examining causal models of student learning, outcomes and educational pathways.
# 2: “Turning Achievement Around: Lessons from Two Resilience Studies”
By Dr. Imelda Santos Caleon, Centre for Research in Pedagogy and Practice, National Institute of Education, Singapore
Abstract: This presentation will focus on the key findings drawn from two resilience studies. The first study is a three-wave longitudinal investigation that involved 1305 students from 22 schools in Singapore. The main aims of the study were to examine the profiles of students facing different levels of academic risk and identify factors that are salient in the development of academically at-risk students’ resilience. The second study, which served as a follow-up to the first study, involved 111 teachers and 871 students. The study examined how the teachers’ teaching practices influenced their students’ satisfaction of basic psychological needs and development of academic resilience. Both studies utilized a mixed-methods research design. The challenges faced and lessons learned by the presenter and her research team in conducting these sequential studies will be presented.
Dr. Imelda Santos Caleon is a Senior Research Scientist and Programme Director of the Lifelong Learning, Cognition and Well-being Research Programme at the Centre for Research in Pedagogy and Practice, National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University (NTU). She is currently the Assistant Dean for Partnerships at the Office of Education Research. She received Master of Arts and Ph.D. degrees from NTU. Her main research interests are in the areas of well-being, resilience, motivation, and science education. She has conducted more than 70 invited workshops, keynotes or seminars, most of which focused on positive psychology and positive education. She has been working closely with several schools in Singapore as a research collaborator and consultant to develop and implement positive psychology intervention activities tailored for diverse groups of learners. The positive education packages that her research team developed have been used by more than 3000 students from several schools in Singapore.