The learning process matter: A sequence analysis perspective of examining procrastination using learning management system

Using a Learning Management System (LMS) via sequence analysis approach, Tan Teck Kiang and Lakshminarayanan Samavedham identify four types of online learners based on their activity patterns and quantify the association between procrastinating on academic performance. The study was carried out during the Covid-19 period when all students were restricted to studying online. Their systematic analysis of students in a completely online environment can serve as a baseline for planning future online courses. The study also highlights the importance of being able to passively and reliably identify types of learners based on their online behaviours.